Targeting America’s “Stand Your Ground” Laws

<a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/barjack/">barjack</a>/Flickr

Facts matter: Sign up for the free Mother Jones Daily newsletter. Support our nonprofit reporting. Subscribe to our print magazine.


Nearly three months after the death of Florida teen Trayvon Martin put the spotlight on “stand your ground,” a new national organization is pressing thousands of lawmakers across the country to “reform or repeal” laws that sanction the controversial self-defense doctrine.

Second Chance on Shoot First, a nonprofit started in April by New York Mayor Mike Bloomberg and a collection of progressive and civil-rights organizations, is targeting 26 states that legalized “stand your ground”—or “shoot first,” as the group calls it. “Prior to ‘Shoot First,’ people had a traditional duty to retreat from a situation outside their home when they could safely do so,” the campaign’s website states. “Now, afforded immunity and a presumption of lawfulness by the law, armed individuals can seek out opportunities to use deadly force outside their homes. And the hands of law enforcement and prosecutors are tied.”

Mother Jones has reported about how the National Rifle Association and the right-wing American Legislative Exchange Council lobbied nationwide for the laws, and how the laws have hampered law enforcement in numerous cases—including the investigation into Martin’s fatal shooting.

This week, Ginny Simmons, the director of Second Chance, sent letters to more than 4,000 legislators in states with the lax defense standards, urging them to modify or discard the legal guidelines. “[E]xperience has now shown that these laws encourage vigilantism, sow confusion among police, and stymie prosecutors,” she wrote in the letter. “People carrying guns now feel emboldened to resolve conflicts with firearms even if they could safely walk away, and police and prosecutors are uncertain about which shootings may be instances of legitimate self-defense and which are murders.”

“Given the way these laws have played out in practice, a number of legislators who voted for these laws have rightly changed their minds,” Simmons added. “Reform efforts are already underway in Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina, Texas and Wisconsin.”

But the prospects for repealing “stand your ground” in most states remain dim. Since Martin was shot dead in Florida in February, incoming Senate Minority Leader Chris Smith (D) has spearheaded a small repeal movement, sending Gov. Rick Scott (R) a detailed report (PDF) outlining the law’s problems. So far, though, Smith hasn’t been able to elicit a reaction from a gun-friendly panel tasked with reviewing the law, set up by Scott and the Republican state majority last month. Nationwide, meanwhile, a Reuters/Ipsos poll from April showed that most Americans support some form of the “stand your ground” doctrine. Facing numbers like that, the campaigners for Second Chance on Shoot First may be going off half-cocked.

THE TRUTH...

is the first thing despots go after. An unwavering commitment to it is probably what draws you to Mother Jones' journalism. And as we're seeing in the US and the world around, authoritarians seek to poison the discourse and the way we relate to each other because they can't stand people coming together around a shared sense of the truth—it's a huge threat to them.

Which is also a pretty great way to describe Mother Jones' mission: People coming together around the truth to hold power accountable.

And right now, we need to raise about $400,000 from our online readers over the next two months to hit our annual goal and make good on that mission. Read more about the information war we find ourselves in and how people-powered, independent reporting can and must rise to the challenge—and please support our team's truth-telling journalism with a donation if you can right now.

payment methods

THE TRUTH...

is the first thing despots go after. An unwavering commitment to it is probably what draws you to Mother Jones' journalism. And as we're seeing in the US and the world around, authoritarians seek to poison the discourse and the way we relate to each other because they can't stand people coming together around a shared sense of the truth—it's a huge threat to them.

Which is also a pretty great way to describe Mother Jones' mission: People coming together around the truth to hold power accountable.

And right now, we need to raise about $400,000 from our online readers over the next two months to hit our annual goal and make good on that mission. Read more about the information war we find ourselves in and how people-powered, independent reporting can and must rise to the challenge—and please support our team's truth-telling journalism with a donation if you can right now.

payment methods

We Recommend

Latest

Sign up for our free newsletter

Subscribe to the Mother Jones Daily to have our top stories delivered directly to your inbox.

Get our award-winning magazine

Save big on a full year of investigations, ideas, and insights.

Subscribe

Support our journalism

Help Mother Jones' reporters dig deep with a tax-deductible donation.

Donate